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The Warsaw Voice » Politics » July 2, 2010
Presidential Elections
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Presidential Elections
July 2, 2010   
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First round results, June 20:
Bronisław Komorowski (Civic Platform, PO)—41.54 percent
Jarosław Kaczyński (Law and Justice, PiS)—36.46 percent
Grzegorz Napieralski (Democratic Left Alliance, SLD)—13.68 percent
Janusz Korwin-Mikke (Freedom and Lawfulness, WiP)—2.48 percent
Waldemar Pawlak (Polish People’s Party, PSL)—1.75 percent
Andrzej Olechowski (independent candidate backed by the Democratic Party, SD)—
1.44 percent
Andrzej Lepper (Samoobrona Self-Defense)—1.28 percent
Marek Jurek (Right Wing of Poland, PRP)—1.06 percent
Bogusław Ziętek (Polish Labor Party, PPP)—0.18 percent
Kornel Morawiecki (independent candidate)—0.13 percent
Turnout—54.94 percent
Bronisław Komorowski and Jarosław Kaczyński will face each other in a second, runoff round July 4.

Bronisław Komorowski: Factfile
Komorowski was born June 4, 1952, in Oborniki ¦l±skie near Wrocław. He graduated from the Faculty of History at the University of Warsaw in 1977.

Involved in the anticommunist opposition, Komorowski was arrested by the country’s communist authorities in 1971. He worked with the Workers’ Defense Committee (KOR) and the Human and Civil Rights Protection Movement. In the anticommunist underground, Komorowski edited, printed and distributed opposition publications. He was interned during martial law, which the communist authorities declared Dec. 13, 1981. After being released, he was a teacher in a seminary in Niepokalanów until 1989.

In 1991, Komorowski was elected to the lower house of the parliament and is now serving his sixth term as a deputy. In 1990-93, he was a deputy minister for education and social affairs in the Ministry of Defense in three consecutive governments. He was secretary-general of the Freedom Union (UW) party and deputy chairman of the Conservative Peasants’ Party. Between 1997 and 2000, Komorowski chaired the lower house’s Defense Committee and in 2000-2001 he was defense minister.

In 2004-2006, Komorowski headed the Civic Platform (PO) party in the Mazovia region and then became deputy chairman of the party. He has been speaker of the lower house of parliament since 2007.

Well known as an Euroenthusiast, Komorowski advocates strong European integration. As far as foreign affairs are concerned, he wants Poland to be an equal partner in relations with its foreign partners and wants the country to be strongly involved in the work of international organizations. After several Polish soldiers were recently killed by Afghan fighters, Komorowski has said the mission of the Polish military contingent in the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan should end as soon as possible.

Komorowski supports privatization and advocates rapid economic reforms to modernize the country.

His election campaign slogan is Zgoda buduje (United We Stand).

Komorowski is married with five children, including two sons aged 26 and 20 and three daughters aged 28, 24 and 18. His hobbies include hunting, but following calls from animal welfare campaigners, during the election campaign he declared to give up hunting and focus on photographing animals instead.

Jarosław Kaczyński: Factfile
Kaczyński was born June 18, 1949, in Warsaw. He is the twin brother of Lech Kaczyński, the Polish president who died in the airplane crash near Smolensk, Russia, April 10 this year.

Kaczyński graduated from the Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Warsaw, in 1971, and obtained a Ph.D. degree in 1976. That same year, he joined the anticommunist opposition, working with the Workers’ Defense Committee (KOR). In 1980, Kaczyński became involved in the Solidarity movement, but he was not interned during martial law.

During the Round Table talks of 1988 and 1989, Kaczyński was in a task force for political reforms. In July and August 1989, he was part of a team that on behalf of the Solidarity Independent Trade Union negotiated the formation of a coalition government with the Democratic Party (SD) and United Peasants’ Party (ZSL).

In 1989-1990, Kaczyński was the editor-in-chief of the Tygodnik Solidarno¶ć Solidarity magazine. In 1990-1991, he headed the President’s Office under Lech Wałęsa, but then resigned following a standoff between Wałęsa and the Centrum Alliance (PC), a party that Kaczyński helped form in 1990. He was chairman of the Centrum Alliance until 1998.

In 1989-1991, Kaczyński was a senator and then a deputy in the lower house of parliament until 1993. He was reelected to the lower house in 1997. In 2001, he and his twin brother were among the founders of the Law and Justice (PiS) party. Jarosław Kaczyński has been the party’s chairman since 2003. PiS won the parliamentary elections in 2005 and Kaczyński designated Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz as prime minister. After Marcinkiewicz resigned, July 10, 2006 Kaczyński became the prime minister of a coalition government formed by PiS and including the Samoobrona party and the League of Polish Families (LPR). The coalition fell apart in the summer of 2007 and PiS lost early parliamentary elections Nov. 5 that year.

Kaczyński has a reputation as a Euroskeptic and he once objected to Poland signing the Lisbon Treaty. He made skeptical remarks on Poland’s chances to engage in a dialogue with Germany and Russia. He is an avid advocate of a “history policy” founded on Poland’s experience from the past. He has repeatedly spoken against allowing foreign capital to privatize key sectors of the Polish economy and he objects to any form of privatization in strategic sectors.

Kaczyński wants Poland to enter the G-20 group as soon as possible.

His election slogan is Polska jest najważniejsza (Poland Matters the Most).

Kaczyński is single and known to be a cat lover.
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