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The Warsaw Voice » Special Sections » January 27, 2011
UDT: Marking 100 years
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Special Section - UDT: 100 Years of Technical Inspection Services in Poland
January 27, 2011   
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A ceremony was held at the Concert Hall of the Warsaw Philharmonic Jan. 17 to mark 100 years of technical inspection services in Poland. Among the invited guests was Deputy Prime Minister and Economy Minister Waldemar Pawlak.

The Concert Hall of the Warsaw Philharmonic was filled to capacity. Guests were welcomed by the Vice-President of the Office of Technical Inspection, Bogusław Piasecki. Then a short film was shown about the 100-year history of technical supervision organizations in Poland. The heads of three organizations responsible for technical inspection in Poland made speeches: President of the Office of Technical Inspection Marek Walczak, President of the Transportation Technical Supervision office Andrzej Kolasa, and Col. Bogdan Dobrowolski, head of the Military Technical Inspection office.

The 100th anniversary of technical inspection organizations in Poland was celebrated under the auspices of Polish President Bronisław Komorowski. An official from the President’s office, Olgierd Dziekoński, read a letter from the president to those gathered. Then Deputy Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak took the floor. He said that the work of technical inspection organizations is special because “if it runs smooth, it is not talked about.” Hopefully, this remains the case as long as possible, he added, because as long as technical inspection ensures the safety of industrial processes, one does not have to worry about any unpleasant incidents.

Foreign guests also made speeches during the event: an official from the Russian equivalent of the Polish Office of Technical Inspection and a representative from the International Confederation of Inspection and Certification Organizations. The official part of the event ended with a recorded statement by the President of the European Parliament, Jerzy Buzek.

The artistic part of the event featured a concert by the National Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra conducted by Zbigniew Graca, with pianist Marek Drewnowski and vocalist Katarzyna Suska-Zagórska as soloists.

The beginnings of technical supervision in Poland date back to Jan. 7, 1911. That day the Russian minister of industry and trade approved a statute drawn up by Polish industrialists, permitting the establishment of the Warsaw Steam Boiler Inspection Association. Unlike inspection organizations operating in areas of Poland partitioned between Austria and Prussia, the inspection organization in the part of Poland controlled by Russia and known as the Kingdom of Poland, relied on all-Polish staff.

Efforts to unify technical inspection organizations in an independent Poland began with the adoption of a law on the inspection of steam boilers on May 31, 1921. The law abolished old regulations imposed by the former occupying powers and introduced a uniform boiler inspection system throughout Poland. In 1925, the Warsaw Steam Boiler Inspection Association, under an agreement with City Hall, expanded its inspection services to cover cranes used in the capital. In 1934, regulations took effect to further expand inspection services to include acetylene producers.

As the association developed, new research facilities opened, including mechanical, thermal, metallographic, electric and water laboratories.

When Poland was under Nazi occupation, Germany’s Technische Überwachung Verein took over the responsibilities of the Boiler Inspection Associations in Katowice and Poznań, and the almost all-Polish technical staff was replaced with Germans. In the part of occupied Poland called the General Government, the Association of Technical Inspection in Warsaw was moved to Cracow. Inspection responsibilities were exercised by Polish engineers there.

As soon as World War II ended, Boiler Inspection Associations began operating in Poznań, Warsaw and Katowice in 1945. Based on the law of 1921, the industry minister introduced a receivership procedure in these associations.

A decree of Oct. 26, 1950 established the Office of Technical Inspection (UDT) in Warsaw, ending a five-year interim period of receivership management. Carrying out the provisions of the decree, the minister of heavy industry, under a decree dated Dec. 4, 1951, established Bureaux of Technical Inspection in Katowice, Warsaw and Poznań. Direct inspection of equipment was exercised by sector-specific inspectorates: for boilers, cranes, holding tanks and acetylene cylinders.

Today three institutions are responsible for technical inspection in Poland: Urz±d Dozoru Technicznego (Office of Technical Inspection), Transportowy Dozór Techniczny (Transportation Technical Supervision), and Wojskowy Dozór Techniczny (Military Technical Inspection).

Marcin Mierzejewski
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