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The Warsaw Voice » Regional Voice » March 31, 2011
Mazovia Region
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Steeped in History
March 31, 2011   
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The village of Chlewiska in Szyd這wiec county is home to a Gothic parish church and a palace complex. Another place of interest is a branch of Warsaw’s Museum of Technology.

Chlewiska is the oldest village in Szyd這wiec county, dating back to 1121. That year, Piotr Dunin of Skrzyczne, who was the first owner of Chlewiska, built a church in the village. Then, the first, western section of the local castle, was built in 1135. Chlewiska was subsequently taken over by the Odrow捫 family, who added “Chlewicki” to their last name, after the name of the village. They enlarged the church and added an eastern section to the castle.

In the latter half of the 18th century, Chlewiska changed owners again and became the property of the Podka雟ki family. A sheet mill and a nail factory opened in Chlewiska between 1811 and 1825. During World War II, the Chlewiska area was the headquarters of a group of partisans led by Major Henryk Dobrza雟ki a.k.a. Hubal.

Although remodeled several times, the parish church retains its Gothic shape. Built on a hill, it is clearly visible from nearby roads. The present church was built in 1511-1512 on the basis of its predecessor.

It preserves many features of late Gothic stonework, including portals and keystones adorned with coats of arms. Inside the church are remarkable epitaphs and tombs from the 15th-17th centuries.

The palace in Chlewiska is home to a vacation and recreation center whose guests can ride horses and rent bikes. The palace stands amid a scenic park on a hill. It comprises two adjacent buildings standing at a right angle to each other. A plaque is embedded in one of the palace’s walls to commemorate a redevelopment that Wawrzyniec Odrow捫-Chlewicki carried out in 1605. The palace restaurant serves Polish cuisine.

A street leading straight from the gate to the palace complex takes tourists to a branch of the Warsaw Museum of Technology, which is a historic ironworks with a blast furnace complex built by the French Metallurgy Company in 1882-1892. Along with the furnace, the complex consists of three iron ore smelters and a workshop. The blast furnace used to produce 13 metric tons of pig iron a day and was in use until 1940. Visitors can learn how the facility worked from a tour guide. They can also climb a water tower to see a glorious view of the area, including a reservoir of clean water flowing from the 安i皻okrzyskie Mountains.

M.M.
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