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The Warsaw Voice » Regional Voice » March 31, 2011
Mazovia Region
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Amid an Ancient Forest
March 31, 2011   
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Kozienice is located around 80 kilometers south of Warsaw. The road from Warsaw passes through the town’s industrial district, the site of the famous Kozienice Power Station. The town is surrounded by the Kozienicka Forest.

The history of Kozienice dates back to the Middle Ages.

In 1409, King Władysław II Jagiełło of Poland ordered a wooden pontoon bridge to be built near Kozienice.

That year and the following, the forests around Kozienice saw extensive hunting to provide food for the Polish army as it prepared for war with the Teutonic Knights. In 1429, Władysław II Jagiełło included Kozienice in lands administered by the Crown. Kozienice grew into a town thanks to a royal hunting manor located in the area. In 1466, King Casimir IV the Jagiellonian and his family took refuge in Kozienice while fleeing from a plague. The king’s son, who would become King Sigismund I the Old, was born in Kozienice Jan. 1, 1467. The royal birth was later commemorated in 1537 with an obelisk—to this day it stands at the entrance to the park that surrounded the former palace of Kozienice. Next to the monument is a plaque with a translation of the Latin poem engraved on the obelisk and a note that saying this is the oldest monument in Poland.

In 1776-1791, the palace complex in Kozienice was rebuilt during the reign of King Stanislas Augustus. With an outbuilding for guests and a subsequently built kitchen, the palace was reminiscent of the Baroque style, but the decorative elements were typically Classicist.

The palace took on its final shape in 1896-1900.

After a Luftwaffe air raid in September 1939, the only section left of it was the left outbuilding, which today houses the Regional Museum. The palace was reconstructed in 1950. Today, the palace houses local government offices. It is the main tourist attraction in Kozience and an electronic tourist information desk is located here.

The Regional Museum has traditional beehives on show as well as other reminders of local beekeeping traditions. Visitors can also learn about other trades that used to be popular in Kozienice in the past.

The palace buildings are surrounded by a scenic park with original alleys, two stone pedestals from the 18th century and the obelisk commemorating the birth of King Sigismund I the Old.

Industry came to Kozienice when a sheet mill, a copper forge and a firearms factory were opened here in the 1780s.

Kozienice is a good choice for visitors who enjoy sports, as it has a swimming pool, a stud farm and a reservoir. Hikers will find many tourist trails in the nearby Kozienicka Forest.
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