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The Warsaw Voice » The Basics » October 27, 2011
Poland Access
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Poland: Factfile
October 27, 2011   
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- Land area: 322,575 sq km (68th largest in the world, 9th largest in Europe)
- Population: 38.5 million (34th largest in the world, 8th in Europe, 6th in the European Union)
- Population density: 121 people per sq km
- Ethnic structure: Poles (over 96 percent), Germans, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Romany, Russians, Lemkos, Lithuanians
- National flag: white and red
- Head of state: President (currently Bronisław Komorowski)
- Length of borders: 3,511 km, including 440 km of coastline
- Capital city: Warsaw (city population-1.7 million, conurbation-almost 3 million)
- Biggest cities: Warsaw, Cracow, ŁódĽ, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice
- Biggest conurbations: Silesian (population 2.2 million), Cracow (population around 1.5 million)
- Total number of cities and towns: 908
- Administrative division: 16 provinces, 379 counties, 2,479 districts
- Visa regulations: Poland has been in the Schengen Area since December 2007, which means that a Polish entry visa is also valid for all other Schengen countries. Under the principle of free movement of people, citizens of the European Economic Area and Switzerland do not need a visa to come to Poland, regardless of the length of their stay.
- Human Development Index (HDI): The United Nations lists Poland as a highly developed country taking into account factors such as life expectancy, average length of education undergone by 25-year-olds, expected length of education for school-age children and per capita GDP in purchasing power parity terms. The HDI in 2010 was 0.795, putting Poland in 41st place among 169 surveyed countries.

- Education: free at state schools in Poland, with fees charged only for non-full-time university-level courses. In the 2008/2009 academic year Poland had 458 public and non-public university-level institutions with a total of 1.9 million students. These employed a total of 98,000 academic staff.
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