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The Warsaw Voice » The Polish Science Voice » November 25, 2011
The Polish Science Voice
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Warsaw University of Technology
November 25, 2011   
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The Warsaw University of Technology is the oldest technical university in Poland. It has trained generations of engineers for over 180 years. Combining tradition with innovation, the university has made a major contribution to the development of technical sciences.

The university has over 2,500 teachers, including 155 full professors. It takes part in European learning programs such as LLP-Erasmus, LLP-Leonardo da Vinci, Tempus, Erasmus-Mundus, EUKLA and Athens. Last year, it received 306 exchange students from abroad.

The university has almost 32,000 students at 19 faculties and one college. The school has 38 teaching and research buildings in Warsaw and Płock (110 kilometers northwest of Warsaw), housing 242 lecture rooms, 300 classrooms and auditoriums, 977 laboratories and 405 other rooms.

In 2009 and 2010, the Warsaw University of Technology secured 66 patents from the Polish Patent Office for inventions and utility models. The university has so far conducted 168 technology deployments.

Below is a rundown of the research and technology achievements of the Warsaw University of Technology’s faculties involved in the CePT project in 2009.

The Faculty of Chemistry:
- designed new polymer electrolytes with highly selective transport of lithium cations;
- developed an effective method to synthesize hyper-branched polymers from renewable materials;
- designed new semi-conducting nanocomposites made of carbon nanotubes and conducting polymers;
- developed a new strategy to construct homochiral metal-organic porous materials, based on original, optically active metallic ligands from alkyl aluminum compounds and commercially available chinchona alkaloid ligands.

The Faculty of Electronics and Information Technology:
- worked out a new, multi-task algorithm for running superordinate optimization of the workstations of direct process control regulators, ensuring better economic efficiency and extent of constraint-based methods;
- developed the role-based theory of trust-management languages;
- worked out new algorithms for the determination of Nash equilibriums in non-cooperative games defined by the rules of allocation mechanisms and resource appraisal;
- developed a method to produce high-end software and tested the error vulnerability of computer systems;
- developed new data exploration methods, with a special focus on data privacy and detection of jumping patterns, to be used in classifications;
- developed a new multi-parameter method to classify fertility phases in mammals, employing optical capillaries and artificial neural networks;
- conducted versatile analyses of methods of ultra-shallow doping silicon structures with fluorine and the outcomes of the methods; the project produced ultrathin silicon layers employing the PCVD method;
- developed methods and algorithms to measure data processing for use in spectrometric analyzers;
- developed a method to probe the content of ions in water using ion-selective electrodes; the method was deployed in a portable measuring device as part of the Sixth Framework Program of the European Union (WARMER).
- designed, wrote and deployed (at the Medical University of Warsaw) haplotype analysis software called NullHAP, used to establish fatherhood and analyze susceptibility to genetic disorders.
- built a cleanroom to introduce innovative “ink-jet printing” technology.

The Faculty of Electrical Engineering:
- proposed a new algorithm to produce high-quality tomographic images

The Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering:
- developed advanced models of nanometric particles filtered by devices based on non-woven fabrics with complex geometrical structure. The models take into account the impact which structural heterogeneity and subtle particle-fiber interactions have on the filtration process. The faculty also started work on developing capillary filters for gas separation;
- researched ways to devise a general theory of thermodynamic optimization of thermochemical processes where mechanical energy is produced by propulsion transport processes;
- designed a new microbiological fuel cell and tested its efficiency;
- analyzed the occurrence of the so-called Marangoni effect in a multi-channel microreactor with a thin film of fluid;
- came up with new concepts for technology to obtain nanoporous particles of different topology corresponding to quasi-crystalline structures which instead of atoms and ions are mainly composed of nanoparticles. A new method was also invented to obtain active carriers of inhaled medicines containing mucolytic substances.
- identified optimal conditions for conducting methane fermentation in sequential reactors; the faculty built a new bioreactor to simultaneously produce methane and hydrogen glycerol and obtained a population of microbes capable of producing hydrogen from glycerol.
- invented an in vitro method to culture adherent animal cells on fluid/fluid interphase; the faculty built a thermostat-controlled microscopic chamber to monitor the growth of live animal cells cultured in vitro.

The Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering:
- developed technology for the fluorescent oxynidration of titanium alloys for medical use;
- developed and characterized magnetic nanoparticles for use in biomedicine;
- designed the process and technology to produce the following materials: polyurethanes and composites containing CaCO3 and Bioglas® on scaffolding used for cell cultivation; nanocomposites for use in the mining industry; high-filled wood polymer composites on a matrix of oxy-biodegradable polyolefins and PVC; nanocomposites polyetherourethanes and polycarbonates for medical use.

The Faculty of Production Engineering:
- designed a new type of mobile radial head prosthesis;
- designed a system to monitor and develop medical technology in Poland in the field of biomechanics until 2020.

The Faculty of Mechatronics:
- designed and built a model counterpulsation device to support blood circulation;
- applied for a patent for designing and building a counterpulsation device to support the blood circulation system.

Under the CePT project, the Warsaw University of Technology will coordinate research on what are called instrument-aided biomaterials and biomedical technology.

Fields researched as part of the project will include:

- materials used in implants and tissue regeneration;
- methods to examine the properties of tissues;
- instrument-aided methods for altering the properties and state of tissues;
- biological process modeling and the production and evaluation of artificial tissues and organs.

Two new research centers will be established, a Center for Bio-Nanomaterials and a Center for Biomedical Technology and Medical Physics.

The Center for Bio-Nanomaterials will bring together laboratories working on the medical applications of advanced materials and nanotechnology, especially in the area of tissue regeneration. It will research the applications of state-of-the-art ultrasonography, develop models of interaction between tissues, biomaterials and physical signals and methods of microflux research and modeling, seeking to use achievements in nanotechnology to support research, development and deployment projects. The center will also develop biomaterials and nanomedicine in line with the Strategic Research Areas of the European Technology Platform on Nanomedicine and the Polish Nanotechnology Platform.

The Biomechanical Modeling and Imaging Laboratory will study applications of ultrasounds in medical imaging. Research will include therapeutic contrast and thermal effects connected with heat production and cavitation. The laboratory will also model and study processes occurring in tissues as a result of interaction with biomaterials and physical/mechanical factors. Moreover, the lab will study the use of nanofibers in localized drug delivery systems.

The Laboratory of Nanostructures for Photonics and Medical Diagnostics will produce third-generation nanoparticles, or nanostructures that enable the identification and neutralization of pathogens. The lab will also produce functional implants and nanoparticles with antibacterial properties.

The Biomaterials Production and Characterization Laboratory will produce growth media for tissues, in particular bone tissue.
The Centre for Biomedical Technology and Medical Physics will comprise a network of open laboratories forming the base for research and deployment projects in biophysics and biomedical engineering. The center will conduct research on new nanomaterials for medicine, devices used in medical examination, methods of signal processing, medical imaging methods and techniques, new sensors and measurement methods, biomechanics and prostheses and miniature “lab-on-a-chip” analytical systems. The center will also study and create models of the neural, cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

BIOFIM center labs will work on:
- technology to design and produce implants and medical devices;
- biomechanics and rehabilitation engineering;
- miniature analytical systems;
- electronics, medical computer science and bioinformatics;
- artificial organs and biological structure and process modeling;
- sensors and analysis of weak biological signals;
- dosimetry, nanodosimetry and quality review of radiological devices.
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