ANR—The Largest Owner of State Land
March 1, 2013
In 2012, the Agricultural Property Agency (ANR) sold 132,000 hectares of land, which marked the highest level of sales since 2002.
This excellent result is due to intensified privatization of all types of agricultural property, in particular farmland and land earmarked for development. ANR-held real estate is sold by way of tender, limited and open, as well as without bidding procedures, mainly to those leasing the land.
Until Dec. 31, 2013, state-owned land can be purchased from the Agricultural Property Agency on preferential terms. By that deadline farmers who purchase state-owned land in order to create or expand a family farm can have their payments spread into yearly or half-yearly installments by the ANR with a preferential interest rate of 2 percent per annum, for up to 15 years, after paying just 10 percent of the price of the property before signing the contract.
Special deal for large leases
Under an amendment to the Law on the Management of State Agricultural Property, adopted by the lower house of parliament on Sept. 16, 2011, the Agency offered a special deal to those leasing farmland with an area of more than 428.5714 hectares. Under the deal, 30 percent of the leased land could be excluded from the lease contract. The Agency sent out a total of 1,085 notices proposing the exclusion of 136,000 hectares in all. Those leasing the land agreed to have 77,000 hectares excluded altogether, mainly in provinces such as West Pomerania (17,000 hectares), Wielkopolska (11,000 hectares), Warmia-Mazuria and Lower Silesia (9,000 hectares each), and Pomerania and Kujawy-Pomerania (8,000 hectares each), Opole and Lubuskie (6,000 hectares each). This land will be gradually excluded from lease contracts and will be slated for sale, primarily to private farmers to enlarge their family farms.
The prices of farmland are rising steadily. The average price in 2012 was zl.19,288 per hectare. It was determined on the basis of 12,911 sale contracts and 130,586 hectares of land sold during this period.
In 2012, the average price of 1 hectare of farmland increased by about zl.2,123 (12.4 percent) compared with the previous year.
ANR: generating profits
The Agricultural Property Agency generated zl.2,579.2 million in total revenue from the sale and lease of land in 2012, according to preliminary figures. This was 5 percent more than in 2011, when the total revenue generated was zl.2,449.5 million. The strong result in 2012 was due to increased revenue from the sale of land, which was 6 percent higher than in 2011, and healthy receipts from the lease of property, which were 5 percent higher than in 2011.
Plan for 2013
In 2013, the ANR plans to sell 125,000 hectares of land. To meet this target, it will offer over 200,000 hectares of land for sale. The plan is that the total revenue generated by the agency in 2013 will come to zl.2,032.2 million. The agency plans that its external transfers will total zl.1,593.8 million in 2013; of this zl.1,460.3 million will be transferred to the national budget, and zl.133.5 million will go to the compensation Fund.
Agricultural property stock: state of play
The Agency still holds nearly 1.8 million hectares of land, including 1.3 million hectares under lease, 319,000 hectares awaiting allocation, and 100,000 hectares in various forms of provisional allocation. The largest stock of land still in the agency’s hands is in West Pomerania, Wielkopolska, Lower Silesia and Warmia-Mazuria provinces.
As some of the land held by the Agency cannot be transfered to users for various reasons, the stock still available is estimated at around 1 million hectares.