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The Warsaw Voice » Special Sections » December 13, 2015
Polska... tastes good!
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Polish Poultry Power
December 13, 2015   
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Over the past several years, Poland has become a leading European producer of poultry. This is due to growing consumption of poultry at home and growing sales abroad.

Inthe first half of this year, production of poultry for slaughter in Poland increased by 12 percent over the first half of 2014 to 1.4 million metric tons. Forecasts show that total poultry production in 2015 as a whole could reach 2.9 million tons and could be nearly 10 percent higher than in 2014. Further growth is expected in the next few years. The Warsaw-based Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics predicts that in 2016 production will increase by about 10 percent.

Consumption of poultry in Poland has increased in recent years. Data from Poland’s Central Statistical Office (GUS) shows that poultry meat consumption in Poland in 2014 increased to 28.2 kg per person from 26.5 kg per person in 2013. It is expected that this year poultry consumption will increase to 29 kg per person.

Contributing to the growth of poultry production in Poland is high demand abroad. According to the Agricultural Market Agency (ARR), in the first eight months of this year, Poland exported 639,000 tons of live chickens as well as poultry meat and poultry products, 15 percent more than a year earlier. The increased exports are in part due to the fact that Polish poultry is strongly competitive on EU markets because it costs less than poultry offered by producers from many other countries. Another factor is growing demand abroad. “It is estimated that in 2015 as a whole exports of [Polish] poultry products will exceed 1 million tons and will be about 17 percent higher than in 2014,” the Agricultural Market Agency says in a report. Experts predict a further increase in poultry product exports next year.

In terms of Polish poultry meat exports, Germany, the United Kingdom and the Czech Republic remain the biggest markets. These absorb more than 30 percent of total poultry meat exports from Poland. Data from the Polish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development shows that 80 percent of Polish poultry exports were destined for EU markets. But the fastest growth was recorded in exports to countries outside the European Union. Two countries dominate among non-European buyers of Polish poultry: China and Benin, but some other far-flung markets, among them the Republic of the Congo, are also increasingly prominent. If the upward trend continues, demand for poultry meat outside the EU may become a driving force for Polish exports in the long term.

The Polish poultry sector has proven that it is capable of expanding even in difficult times of crisis. Poland’s role on the EU market as a poultry producer is steadily growing. Studies by Poland’s Bank Gospodarki Żywno¶ciowej show that the Polish poultry sector has bright prospects for the future, mainly due to growing demand for poultry meat on emerging markets and continually increasing consumption of poultry meat throughout the European Union. According to European Commission forecasts, consumption of poultry in the EU will grow at a rate of 0.9 percent annually on average until the end of the decade. This is good news for Polish poultry breeders and producers.
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